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Advice Practice
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" '

( )

Punctuation in referencing

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. Full stop or dot

To show missing words

A series of dots (usually 3) shows where words have been missed out e.g. of a quotation. The remaining words should make sense as a complete sentence or phrase.


"In the 1960s most university students...had a grant on which they survived during term time."
This is correct. It makes sense as a sentence.

*"In the 1960s most university students ...grant on which they survived during term time."
This is incorrect. It does not make sense. It is not clear what the relationship of the words after the dots is to those before them.

© Learning & Teaching Institute, Sheffield Hallam University 2004